Redondo Renewable Energy Study Passes despite Split Vote

Two years ago, the Redondo Beach City Council moved to explore joining a joint-powers agreement that would, literally, join the city’s electrical power together with that of neighboring cities. In the process, Redondo Beach would push toward using renewable energy sources.

At the Council’s March 21 meeting, plans to further explore that path carried despite initial confusion over an unusually split vote.

An abstention from voting by outgoing Councilman Steve Sammarco seemingly sunk the City’s exploration into Community Choice Aggregation with the South Bay Clean Power Working Group, much to the delight of conservative opponents to the program.

The goals of CCA programs, according to City staff, are to provide secure energy supplies to customers at competitive prices and sustaining the development of clean, renewable energy. It also allows for the negotiation of long-term power purchases, locking in utility rates at an ideally low cost to consumers.

The South Bay group, explained by South Bay Clean Power acting chair Joe Galliani, had 14 cities involved, including the Beach Cities as well as Westside L.A. cities such as West Hollywood, Santa Monica and Culver City. Representatives from the participating cities would comprise a board of directors.

According to Galliani, CCA organizations across the state, such as in Marin County, have seen rates drop for customers, and that SBCP was working closely with Southern California Edison in the process.

Los Angeles County is also exploring a CCA, Galliani said, but a South Bay group would allow for greater local control, Galliani argued.

Arthur Schaper, president of the Beach Cities Republican Club, argued that this was a “special interest boondoggle.”

“I love the idea of competition, but a CCA isn’t competition; it’s a government subsidy providing artificial alternatives,” Schaper said.

However, Councilwoman Laura Emdee was concerned with the time Redondo’s Public Works department would spend on the project, approximately 10 percent of their time over the next two to three months.

“It’s taken me two years to get staff to focus on the issues we have in North Redondo…what are the downsides to waiting to see what the County CCA will do?”

Public Works Director Ted Semaan agreed that the City could wait and not suffer any consequences.

When time came for a vote and direction, Councilman Christian Horvath, who has been leading the charge for a CCA in Redondo Beach, was joined by Councilman Bill Brand in voting to continue a study. Emdee voted against, while Sammarco quietly abstained.

As Councilwoman Martha Barbee left the meeting early with an illness, the vote initially seemed dead for want of a three-vote quorum.

However, according to Horvath, an assertion by City Manager Joe Hoefgen that the measure had died was found to be incorrect.

Sammarco did not respond to a request for comment.

Redondo Renewable Energy Study Passes despite Split Vote, by David Mendez, Easy Reader News, March 22, 2017.

Las Vegas Solar Power Coming to Los Angeles

A 250-megawatt solar electric generating station built on an Indian reservation near Las Vegas will soon start pushing energy to Los Angeles, tribal leaders said Sunday.

The Moapa Band of Paiute Indians and an energy firm called First Solar commissioned the Moapa Southern Paiute Solar Project on Friday. The solar panels are located about 30 miles north of Las Vegas.

Executives from the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, tribal leaders and both of Nevada’s two U.S. senators attended the ceremony, held Friday.

The renewable energy power plant is billed as the first ever utility- scale solar power plant to be built on tribal land, and will provide electricity to the Los Angeles DWP. It is capable of generating enough clean energy to power an estimated 111,000 homes.

The plant has a long-term power purchase agreement DWP to bring clean, renewable energy to Los Angeles residents.

The Moapa Solar Project “will significantly help the City of Los Angeles to achieve 33 percent of all energy from renewable resources by 2020 and 50 percent by 2025,” said Reiko A. Kerr, Senior Assistant General Manager, LADWP Power System.

The Moapa Paiutes called the solar energy project an ideal economic development opportunity, providing lease revenues over the lifetime of the project and about 115 construction jobs for tribal members and other Native Americans, while also preserving their land and cultural heritage.

The plant was constructed and will be operated by First Solar. It features more than 3.2 million advanced First Solar thin film photovoltaic solar panels.

This equates to more than 25 million square feet of solar panels, or enough to cover more than 450 NFL football fields, the company said.

By using renewable energy from the sun, this project will avoid approximately 341,000 metric tons per year of carbon dioxide emissions that would have been produced if the electricity had been generated using fossil fuels – the equivalent of taking nearly 73,000 cars off the road.

First Solar’s technology creates no air or water pollution and uses no water to generate electricity.

Los Angeles has relied on coal-fired power plants in Utah, Arizona and Nevada to power the City of Angels. But DWP has been shuttering its gigantic coal-fired smokestacks, which were blamed for reducing visibility in the Grand Canyon and other national parks.

Las Vegas Solar Power Coming to Los Angeles, by Toni Mcallister, MyNewsLA, March 19, 2017.


City of Lancaster Mayor R. Rex Parris Keynote Speaker at San Diego Community Choice Energy Forum 2017

Lancaster, CA. March 10, 2017 – City of Lancaster Mayor R. Rex Parris today delivered the keynote address at the San Diego Community Choice Energy Forum 2017, conveying the importance and impact of the City of Lancaster’s numerous sustainability and climate change initiatives. The event — which is hosted by the Climate Action Campaign, Renovate America, and the San Diego Energy District — was designed to provide government, business, and community leaders with a thorough understanding of community choice energy. The City of Lancaster has been leading the way with its new Lancaster Choice Energy utility, as well as a number of other unprecedented initiatives within the sustainability sphere. As such, Mayor Parris had much to share with the hundreds of attendees regarding both community choice energy and climate change.

“Community choice aggregation is all about taking back the power. It allows municipalities to have more influence on the future of their communities and more options for setting sustainable practices in place, while providing numerous benefits for their residents,” said Mayor Parris. “Pursuing community choice aggregation with our Lancaster Choice Energy utility has drastically advanced Lancaster’s sustainability efforts, as we continue to aggressively pursue our goal of soon becoming a Net Zero city.”

Launched in May 2015, Lancaster Choice Energy (LCE) is Lancaster’s locally-controlled electricity provider, created to offer residents and businesses within the City of Lancaster a viable alternative to traditional investor-owned utilities — while offering more affordable rates and higher renewable content. More information regarding LCE may be found at

City of Lancaster Mayor R. Rex Parris Keynote Speaker at San Diego Community Choice Energy Forum 2017Lancaster Choice Energy, March 15, 2017.

Puente Plant Not Needed

We appreciate Sen. Hannah-Beth Jackson standing with the city against a new gas-fired Puente power plant. Her comment to the California Energy Commission states, “I believe CEC should focus their effort on developing storage solutions and assisting the state in moving away from natural gas facilities.” Ojai’s SimpliPhi seeks, in fact, to double its production of the energy storage batteries we need to balance rapidly growing solar generation.

California demand is declining. We have surplus natural gas and electricity. Moreover, a steep rise in the price of carbon will make renewable energy even more competitive. Puente is billed as a peaker plant, to run only when needed, but rumor has it that it is committed to burn a minimum amount of gas. Utilities pay solar generators to shut down when there is a surplus on the grid. Batteries, not gas, is the way to solve this.

Gov. Brown should walk his talk about renewable energy, respect the city’s arguments made in hearing after hearing, and deny NRG’s application for Puente. Is the governor’s silence connected to his sister, Kathleen Brown, serving on Sempra’s board? Why is Sempra pushing to reopen gas storage at Porter Ranch? Does Sempra anticipate that Edison’s contract with NRG will take the overflow it can’t store safely?

Our region cannot advance with clean energy because the dirty energy industry owns cheap infrastructure here where it is trying to get rid of surplus fracked gas. Obviously these already-rich companies run our state for their profit, not for our health or energy independence.

It gets worse: CEC approval of more unneeded plants commits ratepayers to high electric bills for decades to come. Where is the taxpayers association when we need it?

Ron Whitehurst, Ventura

Puente Plant Not Needed, by Ron Whitehurst, Ventura County Star, February 27, 2017.

AES Seeking Approval for New Gas Plant

AES has submitted plans for a new, 1,040-MW gas-fired, combined-cycle plant to California regulators.

California Energy Commission members Karen Douglas and Janea Scott are recommending the full five-member panel grant approval for the proposed Alamitos Energy Center as there are no significant environmental impacts foreseen, the Press-Telegram reported.

If approved, the Alamitos Energy Center would be built near the site of its existing Long Beach power plant.

AES has also proposed constructing a 300-MW battery storage site at its Long Beach site. In this scenario, AES would demolish its existing generating station so it can build a new plant in the area.

AES Seeking Approval for New Gas Plant, by Editorial Staff, Power Engineering, February 28, 2017.

Lancaster, California, Aims for Net-Zero Energy

Are net-zero energy cities the future of sustainability?

What would it mean if every newly constructed California home was energy independent? In 2014, the City of Lancaster, California was the first city to require solar panels on new homes. In doing so, it pioneered a policy that has since been adopted by several other California cities, including San Francisco, Santa Monica, and Sebastopol. And now, the town has set its sights on becoming the country’s first net-zero energy city, producing as much energy as it consumes.

Lancaster’s geographical location in the western Mojave Desert offers it an abundance of sunshine. Nearly every public building from its City Hall to the baseball stadium is powered by the sun. Its 160,000-member community is committed to energy sustainability.

Building upon its pioneering 2014 policy, last week the Lancaster City Council took steps forward by adopting a new ordinance requiring new homes to have solar panels generating two watts of energy for every square foot. Not every building will be able to support that much solar, the Council acknowledged. Therefore builders also have the option of paying $1.40 per square feet of constructed home or a combination of solar panels and fee.

The City is currently conducting a feasibility study and will have to gain approval from the California Energy Commission before implementation, but its goal is to put the policy into effect by the end of 2017. A logical next step is concurrent energy storage integration.

“The Zero Net Energy Home Ordinance expands upon Lancaster’s residential solar ordinance so that new homes built in Lancaster now will not only be environmentally friendly, but have a zero-net impact on our environment, while reducing energy costs for the homeowners,” said Republican Mayor R. Rex Parris in a statement. “This is a great stride in Lancaster’s journey to become a zero-net city.”

Other experts point out that policies such as this can have a streamlining effect on the solar adoption process by shifting the initial investment to home developers. This means that equipment costs can be folded into the mortgage and buyers can move in to a home that generates its own electricity.

However, members of the energy industry concur across the board that a net zero energy policy would need refinement prior to significant expansion. Is a net-zero energy plan for new construction something that you think the policy makers should consider for statewide implementation?

Lancaster, California, Aims for Net-Zero Energy, by Laura Sanchez, Forester Daily News, February 27, 2017.

This Is Our South Bay Clean Power Business Plan

It is our very great pleasure to publicly share the South Bay Clean Power draft Business Plan, which we have delivered to:

  • Each of the 14 South Bay and Westside cities that requested to be part of the Los Angeles County CCA feasibility study.
  • All five LA County Supervisors as well as the LA County CCA team we’ve been working with since we brought Community Choice Aggregation to the County in 2015.
  • Long Beach Mayor Garcia and each of the 9 LB Council members, all of whom we have been meeting with over the last year to encourage and support their City’s CCA efforts.
  • Our International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) Local 11 and Los Angeles chapter National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA) supporters.
 We openly publish our plan today here on our web site to make it immediately accessible and available. We believe in full transparency and in providing an open-source detailed document to any Distributed Energy Resources-focused CCA effort that shares our goals and objectives and who wishes to take advantage of the research and analysis our group has engaged in.

Combined with our draft South Bay Clean Power Joint Powers Agreement (JPA) and template Request for Proposals (RFP) for Services (forthcoming), our goal is to provide a readily accessible package for local governments and citizen advisory committees to launch large, scalable and advanced CCAs with a minimum of effort or upfront expense.

An Unrelenting Focus On Achieving Our Goals

This Business Plan was designed first and foremost to serve as the step-by-step guide and tutorial to launch a CCA with the capabilities necessary to achieve the goals and objectives created by the South Bay Clean Power Working Group that began exploring Community Choice in mid 2014:

  1. Accelerate renewable portfolio content to 100% (goal of 10 years);
  2. No use of Green-E or Category 3 unbundled Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs);
  3. Maximize the use of Distributed Energy Resources (DER), which we define as behind-the-meter renewable power generation, energy storage, energy efficiency, demand response and electric vehicles;
  4. Prioritize local investment, local power generation, local jobs and career opportunities;
  5. Support labor in advancing project labor agreements, community benefit agreements, sustainable workforce agreements, job training and apprenticeship programs;
  6. Focus on environmental justice in frontline communities (where needs are greatest).

Over the course of designing a CCA to achieve these goals, we were determined to answer the critical determining questions, including:

Asking the Toughest Questions

  • What is the optimal governance and organizational structure of the program, both for South Bay Clean Power and in terms of a county-wide approach to implementing Community Choice?
  • What practical capabilities will the CCA deploy, to align the program’s operational activities with its strategic goals?
  • In order to maximize local economic development and job creation in Los Angeles, how will this design ensure that the CCA can accelerate Distributed Energy Resources (energy efficiency, distributed renewable generation, energy storage, electric vehicles, and demand response technologies), both in its power planning and market operations and by leveraging the land use and transportation authorities of local governments?
  • Does the size of South Bay Clean Power (twice as large as any CCA under formation to date) impact how the CCA should approach power planning and energy risk management activities?
  • Does this scale, and the broader transition to Community Choice service throughout the Los Angeles region (and much of Southern California Edison’s territory) necessitate closer collaboration with the utility than smaller CCA’s to date have experienced? How does this impact the design of the CCA?
  • What is the most transparent and competitive process to use in contracting for all necessary services, which capabilities should transition to staff over time, and how can this process be accelerated?
  • Given the complex nature of launching a CCA, how should at-risk and performance-based contracting strategies be applied to incentivize expert contractors and enhance the overall quality of services provided to the CCA?
  • What is the best strategy to finance the CCA, while lowering local government upfront expenses and overall financial liability?
  • What are the best practices and lessons-learned from the existing CCAs and other public power initiatives in California that should be applied for South Bay Clean Power?

To find out the answers to these critical questions… read our plan!

A Solution that Checks All the Boxes

The South Bay Clean Power business plan details the proven models and best practices that will allow our CCA to launch with the full range of capabilities necessary because of our unprecedented size  — as detailed by our consultant in this blog post.

By integrating these best practices into a comprehensive plan for South Bay Clean Power, our recommended CCA program design and implementation process represents the most cost-effective and expert strategy to achieve:

  1. A CCA with best-in-class capabilities from Day 1, enabling comprehensive energy risk management practices, power portfolio diversification, and the integration of Distributed Energy Resources into power planning, contracting and operations;
  2. An accelerated and streamlined CCA launch timeline;
  3. The lowest cost of implementation, with the least commitment of staff time and upfront government expense or financial liability;
  4. Services provided under performance-based, at-risk contracts, and in a manner that is more transparent and supportive of the internal growth of the CCA (in terms of staff capabilities and expertise).

To fully explain our recommendations on how to implement South Bay Clean Power to achieve these objectives, the Business Plan details the:

  1. Practical capabilities and functions that the CCA will deploy;
  2. Implementation process and timeline;
  3. Contracting strategy and step-by-step process;
  4. Initial staffing plans and agency development ‘roadmap’;
  5. Financing and funding strategy (including five case studies);
  6. Distributed Energy Resources strategy;
  7. Governance structure, including the option of a regional model that preserves local control for CCAs and member governments.

To our knowledge, no other CCA report to date has detailed these critical processes and concepts to the extent we do in the South Bay Clean Power Business Plan.

Next Steps and Timeline to Launch

By serving as the practical and implementable plan to achieve the goals and objectives of the South Bay Clean Power Working Group, this draft Business Plan is designed to aid elected representatives and city staff in evaluating their municipality’s best options for creating or joining a CCA that:

  • Provides their city with true local control through equitable and balanced governance;
  • Provides the most financially stable approach to manage energy related risks;
  • Shares consensus goals and objectives which are obtainable;
  • Provides for the community’s energy security and resiliency;
  • Delivers the most impactful and meaningful economic and workforce development benefits in their communities.

The Business Plan is next being reviewed by prospective member governments as well as County staff, with whom we have collaborated closely with over the past several years.

We are conducting significant outreach to local governments, and are submitting draft JPAs and RFP for Services for staff and stakeholder review that will implement the recommendations and best practices of the South Bay Clean Power Business Plan.

Our proposed implementation timeline anticipates JPAs forming in the coming months, the RFP for Services issued in Q3 of 2017, and the CCA launching in Q2/ Q3 of 2018:




We are proud to have reached this milestone for our South Bay Clean Power initiative cities and we look forward to your informed feedback and recommendations and we invite your questions.


This Is Our South Bay Clean Power Business Plan, by Joe Galliani, South Bay Clean Power, February 17, 2017.

Santa Monica Community Choice Aggregation

Sustainability is a key value for the City of Santa Monica and its residents. Recently, the City set ambitious greenhouse gas reduction goals, aiming to be completely carbon neutral by 2050 or sooner. When it comes to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, one of the first places to look is our energy supply. In order to achieve a 100% reduction in greenhouse gases, Santa Monica’s electricity must come from renewable sources. This is where Community Choice Aggregation comes in.

Community Choice Aggregation (CCA) allows local governments to purchase and sell electricity to customers in their jurisdictions as an alternative to traditional investor owned utility (IOU) power procurement. CCA’s often provide residents with lower rates and higher percentages of renewable energy than the IOU. Adopting a CCA in Santa Monica is an essential strategy for GHG emissions reduction.

Currently, Santa Monica residents are served by Southern California Edison (SCE). SCE’s energy mix is only made up of 28% renewables while the rest comes from fossil fuels, coal, and nuclear sources. While SCE has options for more renewable energy, the cost to the ratepayer increases.

Community Choice Aggregation has been used across the state successfully and cities in Southern California began exploring the option a few years ago when South Bay Clean Power (SBCP) was formed. After being asked by SBCP, the County of Los Angeles published a business plan for the formation of the Los Angeles Community Choice Energy (LACCE) program in June 2016. This plan found that not only is a CCA feasible for the County, but it is also financially viable and would benefit the community considerably.

The benefits found in the County’s study include lower rates for more renewables, greenhouse gas reductions across the County, economic development and local job creation, and local control of energy rates and percentage of renewables.

There are many ways Santa Monica could implement or be a part of a CCA. These options include joining Los Angeles Community Choice Energy or South Bay Clean Power, or independently developing a city-wide CCA through Lancaster Choice Energy or a private third party provider.

Regardless of the path the city chooses to pursue for community choice aggregation, CCA will inevitably have a great impact on the City and it residents. Lower rates, GHG reduction, local and sustainable jobs, and community control all help to reinforce Santa Monica as one of the world-wide leaders in sustainability.

Last night, February 14, 2017, the Santa Monica City Council considered a resolution to conduct a CCA feasibility study. To learn more, you can read the staff report, but we’ll also keep you updated on our efforts directly, here on the blog.

Santa Monica Community Choice Aggregation, by Garrett T. Wong, City of Santa Monica, February 15, 2017.

Lancaster, Calif. Requires Newly Built Houses to Fully Power Themselves with Solar

Lancaster, California has moved beyond requiring solar panels on the rooftops of new houses. A newly passed city ordinance stipulates that those rooftop arrays meet the energy needs of those homes.

The city started requiring solar on new homes back in 2014, pioneering a policy that has since been adopted by SebastopolSanta Monica and San Francisco, and which was introduced into the California State Senate in January. Lancaster’s “Zero Net Energy” policy, passed last week, mandates that those rooftop arrays contain 2 watts per square foot of real estate.

The idea is that new houses added onto the grid cover their own energy needs for their occupants. Not every house will be able to support that much solar capacity, so builders also have an option to pay an in-lieu fee of $1.40 per square feet of constructed home, or a combination of solar panels and fee. The fee option unlocks a 50 percent discount on the generation component of the homeowners’ electricity bill for 20 years.

“The Zero Net Energy Home Ordinance expands upon Lancaster’s residential solar ordinance so that new homes built in Lancaster now will not only be environmentally friendly, but have a zero net impact on our environment, while reducing energy costs for the homeowners,” said Republican Mayor R. Rex Parris in a statement. “This is a great stride in Lancaster’s journey to become a Zero Net City.”

The city has been working to achieve zero net energy status, which involves leveraging clean renewables to produce more energy than it consumes, since 2011. The implementation of the latest rule must wait for a feasibility study to wrap up, expected in April. Then Lancaster will seek approval from the California Energy Commission. If everything goes smoothly, the rule will take effect before the close of 2017.

There are some notable implications from the rule as written.

It represents a bolder formulation of the principle that residential solar should be installed at the point of least resistance. It takes time and effort for a homeowner to navigate the bustling marketplace of solar installers, host the installation and figure out financing to pay for it.

Policies like the ones Lancaster created shift those tasks to home developers, who are experts at contracting structural additions to houses. Any cost incurred by the solar can then wrap into the mortgage, where it will appear as a marginal increase, without the need for separate financing. The buyer moves in to a home that already generates electricity.

Now those houses will generate more than they were required to before. It’s worth noting, though, that square footage is not a perfect stand-in for energy demand. A house with a hot tub, multiple refrigerators and a Tesla will use more than an equally sized abode that lacks those things.

The focus on solar generation as the be-all, end-all of sustainable living could run into some issues down the road, as the role of intermittent generation evolves in California. The major utilities are grappling with how to handle the influx of solar production at midday, and the subsequent ramp-up in demand as the sun drops off.

The state’s utility regulator recently approved a switch from pure net energy metering to a system where solar homes get charged for their time of use and could earn less money over time for selling surplus energy back to the grid.

In other words, a Net Zero Energy plan could need some fine-tuning before going statewide, where it would have a significant impact on those issues already facing the grid. Residential energy storage systems could play a role by letting the homeowners use their solar generation in the evening.

It’s a bit early in the evolution of these products to start demanding homeowners add them too. The people who move into NZE homes, though, may choose to add a battery system if it makes sense for optimizing their solar use, or if they want solar-powered backup in case the grid goes down.

As a smaller city in a sunny part of the state, Lancaster can nimbly experiment with solar home policies and break a trail for others to follow. California is slated to enforce similar measures statewide in 2020, so consider this an appetizer for a bigger solar course to come.

Lancaster, Calif. Requires Newly Built Houses to Fully Power Themselves with Solar, by Julian Spector, GreenTech Media, February 20, 2017.

Santa Monica to Discuss Creating Clean Energy Non-Profit

The City Council will consider Tuesday which direction to go when pursuing a new plan to buy and sell electricity in Santa Monica.

A year ago, the Council decided to move forward to establish a local, not-for-profit, public agency to make decisions on sources of energy. The pursuit is part of an overall strategy in Santa Monica to become Carbon Neutral by 2050.

“It presents an opportunity for us to significantly lower our greenhouse gas emissions related to electricity use by making much higher levels of renewable energy available to everyone in our community,” Said Dean Kubani, Chief Sustainability Officer for Santa Monica.

“It also has the potential to lower energy bills and can lead to the creation of local green jobs and more local renewable power generation,” Kubani said.

Individual customers would have a choice to get their energy from the public agency or their existing utility company. Similar community non-profits have been popping up across California and are called Community Choice Aggregation (CCA).

“They are the single most powerful tool we have to reduce greenhouse gases,” said Joe Galliani, Co-Chair of South Bay Clean Power.

The Council will consider entering into a contract with other cities called a Joint Powers Authority, JPA, to essentially create the CCA to manage local energy.

“The revenue and the profits that are made can go back into the community instead of into an executive’s pocket,” said Katharine King, co-founder of Climate Action Santa Monica. King is familiar with the negotiations to form the agencies.

Other jurisdictions have succeeded in managing local power. In San Francisco, CleanPowerSF offers customers tiered options for increasing their use of renewable energy. Customers can sign up for level “Green” (35 percent clean energy) or SuperGreen (100 percent clean energy) for an extra 2 cents per kilowatt-hour. So far, less than 1 percent of customers have decided to opt out of the program.

As Santa Monica moves toward a similar program, staff is weighing available partnerships to offer customers the lowest rates and the best clean energy mix.

The first option is to join other cities in Los Angeles County. The Countywide CCA would potentially offer the lowest rates, bringing together the combined interests of 82 cities to wield immense purchasing power. It would be the largest CCA in the state.

“Theoretically, the County’s feasibility study said we could offer customers a baseline of 50 percent renewable power right now,” Galliani said. “Add on top of that, we could charge 4.1 percent less than Edison charges. If you extrapolate that across the entire county, that’s an incredible amount of money.”

However, along with strength, size can also slow an agency down. The County and participating cities must decide on a management structure that works for everyone.

Fourteen cities in the South Bay and on the Westside got the County involved after exploring their own CCA, South Bay Clean Power. As a whole, it is possible the values and mission of the smaller CCA would more closely align with Santa Monica. While Santa Monica values clean energy, other cities may value lower electric bills.

To King, who has been involved in discussions with both CCAs, she hopes eventually to combine both groups into a hybrid that combines the purchasing power of the County but allows cities more control managing the money.

“I think cities have different values sets and Santa Monica is pretty clear with its goals,” King said, adding Santa Monica could use the proceeds from the CCA for sustainability projects.

Santa Monica could still go it alone – partnering with an energy service to develop a City CCA or hire a third party provider. The City would pay the up-front cost for development of a CCA, but could eventually integrate a water utility, waste management and electricity services.

At Tuesday’s City Council meeting, members can decide whether to focus on one way or participate in negotiations of several options. A City task force on the environment recommended pursuing both the County and South Bay CCAs with clear negotiating guidelines: to achieve the highest rate of renewable sources that are cost competitive.

Council meets at 5:30 p.m. on Tuesday, Feb. 14 in City Hall, 1685 Main St.

Santa Monica to Discuss Creating Clean Energy Non-Profit, by Kate Cagle, Santa Monica Daily Press, February 13, 2017.