In California, there are two governance models for Community Choice. The Single Jurisdiction model, and the Joint Powers Authority model. Within each of these models many options exist for the leadership regarding staffing, contracting with single or multiple consultants, power contracting, etc. The variations that are possible within these two primary models should not be interpreted as constituting a further model, just variations within the two main models.
Within these two models it is also possible to create standing committees that do not exist at other Community Choice agencies, or appoint non-elected individuals to serve on the governing board or standing committees. If a Community Choice agency emerges that is fundamentally different from the two existing models, we will at that time consider listing a third model.
1. Joint Powers Authority
This is the model adopted by both Marin Clean Energy and Sonoma Clean Power, the first and second Community Choice agencies in the State. Multiple jurisdictions join together in a joint powers agreement (JPA) and a free-standing entity is formed with representation from each member jurisdiction on a governing board. Some degree of contracting with commercial services providers such as energy service providers, call centers, data management firms, etc., is involved.
2. Single Jurisdiction
This is the model, sometimes known as the “enterprise” model, adopted by CleanPowerSF and Lancaster Choice Energy. These single jurisdictions, the City of San Francisco and the City of Lancaster, each take on the role and liabilities of the new enterprise. It is the City Councils (and Boards of Supervisors in the case of a county), that assume the responsibility for rate-setting and setting other policy. Some degree of contracting with commercial services providers such as energy service providers, call centers, data management firms, etc., is involved.