EnBW to support California floating project in Morro Bay

US: EnBW has entered the US offshore market by forming a joint venture (JV) with Seattle-based developer Trident Winds to build an up-to 1GW floating project off the coast of central California.

The planned site off the coast of Morro Bay could be California’s first large-scale floating wind farm, the partners claimed.

It would consist of about 100 turbines installed on floating foundations and would have nameplate capacities of more than 6MW, Trident stated.

The Morro Bay project would initially have a total capacity of 650MW, before being expanded to 1GW.

The partners’ initial focus will be to obtain a site lease from seabed landlord, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), they stated.

Trident Winds submitted an unsolicited lease request to BOEM in January 2016, stating its intent to lease the required site area, situated more than 48 kilometres from the shore. BOEM is expected to return a decision on whether to award a licence this year.

EnBW and Trident will also need to secure a grid connection. Utility Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E)’s water-cooled natural gas power plant in Morro Bay closed in 2014, freeing up grid capacity, the partners added.

“Successful projects require local knowledge, close interaction with stakeholders, detailed knowledge of permitting requirements, and extensive experience in offshore wind project design, construction and operation. The newly created joint venture brings all these elements together,” Trident Winds CEO, Alla Weinstein, said.

Floating foundations allow for offshore wind projects to be developed in new areas with greater water depths and better wind conditions, the partners stated.

EnBW’s entry into the US offshore market follows its acquisition of a 35% stake in three offshore wind projects off the coast of Taiwan — its first activity in the south-east Asian country’s offshore wind sector.

The German developer has 336MW of offshore wind farms in operation, 610MW under construction, and is developing a further 900MW under development — all off the coast of its home country.

 

EnBW to support California floating project, by Craig Richard, Wind Power Offshore, June 11, 2018.

King City Community Power To Launch July 2, 2018

After a year of careful analysis and preparation, the City is proud to announce the launch of King City Community Power (“KCCP”) electric energy service to the community on July 2, 2018. KCCP is being established under a program created by State legislation known as Community Choice Aggregation (CCA). Under the program, KCCP will purchase and sell electric power while PG&E will continue to transmit and bill for the power. King City is one of the first small cities in California to establish a CCA.

The City Council decided to pursue the City’s own CCA to ensure the revenues are used to meet needs of the local community. The City Council has directed the revenues to be used for four primary goals, which include 1) reductions to customer rates; 2) no-cost solar projects for homes owned by low-income families; 3) installation of new solar streetlights in neighborhoods with deficient lighting; and 4) increased use of clean energy. One of the options being studied to increase clean energy is potential construction of a local solar power plant or wind turbines.

Initially, KCCP’s rates will average a half percent below PG&E’s current rates. If revenues are received as projected, the City plans to further decrease rates and begin implementation of the other programs by the spring of 2019. The wireless streetlights will fulfill one of the recommendations of the City’s Comprehensive Plan to End Youth Violence. KCCP is partnering with GRID Alternatives to install the free solar projects.

KCCP will provide electric energy and related special programs to King City residents and businesses in partnership with PG&E. The King City Council oversees KCCP, including setting the rates charged for the electricity and directing the special programs. PG&E continues to provide all natural gas services, the wires used to deliver the KCCP electricity, meter reading, and discounts and energy efficiency rebate programs. Therefore, there will be no change in how service is delivered by PG&E. PG&E will continue to honor CARE, FERA and Medical Baseline discounts to KCCP customers.

KCCP will become the default electric energy provider. Therefore, on the normal July monthly PG&E billing date, King City residences and businesses will be automatically transferred to KCCP electric energy service. There will be no interruption in service from the transfer. Customers may opt out of KCCP if they prefer to continue to receive their power directly from PG&E. Three notices will be sent to every PG&E customer in May through August of this year with simple directions on how to opt out. Customers should have received the first notice last week.

The City is contracting with Pilot Power Group to operate the program. For more information, please visit www.kingcitycommunitypower.org or call 1-833-888-KING (5464).

 

King City Community Power To Launch July 2, 2018, by King City Staff, Kingcity.com, June 2018.

Del Mar offers free EV charging for 6 months

DEL MAR — For a limited time only, electric vehicle owners can charge their cars for free at Del Mar’s recently opened civic center.

Council members at the May 21 meeting agreed unanimously to launch the six-month pilot program to gather real-time data to create fees that will eventually be implemented.

The city spent $30,750 to buy and install three wall-mounted stations that can charge five cars at a time — including one at a handicapped-accessible parking space — in the parking garage at 1050 Camino del Mar. The purchase price includes a five-year maintenance agreement.

Clement Brown, the city’s environmental sustainability projects manager, said he looked at 29 city halls in the state that have charging stations. All but nine provide free charging, but many are using older units that don’t charge as fast and have no ongoing service or network fees.

“So it isn’t an apples-to-apples comparison to the type of chargers we have,” he said.

Council members were given three options for a fee schedule. The city could charge per kilowatt hour, per hour like a parking fee or use a combination of the two.

The other decision is whether the city wants full-cost recovery or recovery only on capital, operating or electricity costs.

Depending on the scenario used, the costs range from .03 per kilowatt hour to $3.44 per hour of parking.

Clement said he devised those fees based on the assumptions that the units would be used four hours a day every day of the year, and the average cost of electricity would be .25 per kilowatt hour with an output of six kilowatts per station.

Clement said the six-month trial period will cost Del Mar about $2,700 for the electricity.

Councilman Dave Druker said the pilot program “makes a whole lot of sense” but “we are going to have to charge for this … at some point.”

Mayor Dwight Worden agreed, adding that the prices must be competitive so people use the stations.

Councilman Terry Sinnott said the city also needs to find out the life expectancy of the units and set aside funds for their replacement.

“These systems I don’t think last that long,” he said.

Although the new civic center is fairly green, the charging stations are not connected to the solar panels. That way the city can better track the use of the charging units.

Staff will also be working with the Sustainability Advisory Board to develop a program that encourages local business owners and employees to use the charging stations.

Druker said the “makes some sense” but “we just need to make sure (it) is actually doable.”

“It has to be extremely simple and knowable,” he said. “I just don’t want to create an incentive program that anybody can somehow use and continue to use and we have no way to know whether or not they are legitimately people that we want to incentivize.”

Councilwoman Sherryl Parks said signage that a pilot program is in place is also important.

“I’m going to have people that say, ‘This was free last month. Why isn’t it free know?’” she said.

 

Del Mar offers free EV charging for 6 months, by Bianca Kaplanek, The Coast News Report, June 3, 2018.

San Luis Obispo to install electric vehicle chargers

–The City of San Luis Obispo will soon install five electric vehicle chargers at the new Park and Ride Lot on Calle Joaquin. The lot, the first in the city, opened in February with 31 spots. The chargers are funded, at no cost to the city, by a California Energy Commission (CEC) grant and support Governor Brown’s goal of having 1.5 million zero-emission vehicles on California roads by 2025.

The bank of six parking stalls most adjacent to the southern entrance of the Calle Joaquin Park and Ride Lot will be replaced with four “Direct Current Fast Chargers” and one “Type 2 Charger.” The charging stalls will be open to the public and consumers will be charged per kilowatt hour for their use. The installation will be complete in 2019.

In June of 2017, the city made Climate Action a Major City Goal in the 2017-19 Financial Plan with an overall goal of reducing citywide greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. “GHG emissions from fossil fuel combustion in on-road vehicles account for approximately 50 percent of the city’s 2006 baseline emissions inventory,” said San Luis Obispo Sustainability Manager Chris Read. “The new electric vehicle chargers support the city’s goal of reducing transportation-related GHG emissions by increasing the use of alternative fuel vehicles.”

Recargo, Inc. will install, maintain, and operate the chargers and associated facilities over a period of ten years. Licensing fees from the chargers are expected to generate approximately $7,000 in city revenue per year.

 

San Luis Obispo to install electric vehicle chargers, By News Staff, Paso Robles Daily News, June 2, 2018.

SLO and Morro Bay push forward on Community Choice Energy, despite others’ reluctance

Wind turbines spin off Morro Bay’s coast, creating energy that’s sold to local residents by a local agency and distributed via the grid infrastructure that once serviced the shuttered Morro Bay and Diablo Canyon power plants.

It’s an exciting snapshot of the future to San Luis Obispo and Morro Bay city leaders, who are interested in seizing an opportunity to localize future power decisions by launching a municipal utility—called a Community Choice Energy (CCE) agency—to sell cleaner electricity directly to their residents.

At an April 24 meeting, the Morro Bay City Council voted unanimously to join SLO in studying the prospect of a new CCE agency that would serve the communities’ combined 32,000 customers.

“[There’s] a compelling point about controlling your destiny and being in a position to forge forward with new opportunities for economic development,” said Morro Bay City Councilmember John Headding. “Six, seven years out when we have a viable wind farm miles off our shore, and we have a switch yard here and the potential for great clean energy sources, I want the city to be in command of making a choice of obtaining [that power].”

Enabled by state law, CCE allows local cities and counties to coalesce into utilities and compete with private utilities like PG&E. A CCE agency, governed by a board of local elected officials, can decide where to buy power, what percentage of that power should be renewably sourced, what rates to charge, and how to reinvest profits. Power is still distributed through the existing grid infrastructure—owned by PG&E in SLO County. Customers get the choice to enroll in CCE or stay with PG&E, although the default choice is the CCE provider.

“CCE is a mission-driven local government organization,” said Chris Read, SLO’s sustainability manager and a coordinator of the effort. “We need to be fiscally healthy and we need to be rate competitive, but we don’t have the profit requirements that a private company might have.”

What began as a regional tri-county effort to establish a CCE on the Central Coast has narrowed to a much more local proposal.

A 2017 study analyzing a CCE agency covering SLO, Santa Barbara, and Ventura counties (and the cities within) concluded that it likely wouldn’t pencil out, due to overlap between PG&E and Southern California Edison territories. The SLO County Board of Supervisors, in response, voted in January to abandon further explorationof a CCE program.

But the study results didn’t deter SLO—a city striving for net-zero carbon emissions status. The SLO City Council decided to push forward on exploring its own CCE agency around the same time the county dropped the effort.

SLO Mayor Heidi Harmon wrote to local cities in January in pursuit of partners. Only Morro Bay responded with immediate interest to commit, according to Read. But part of the cities’ plan is to structure a joint powers agreement that makes it easy for other municipalities to join the CCE down the road.

“There’s a lot going on in our county right now with cannabis, [pensions], and all these things,” Read said. “This is a complicated topic that requires a lot of attention to do well.”

SLO and Morro Bay will have to move quickly to get a CCE agency up and running by 2020. A recent California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) decision requires new CCE programs to wait at least one calendar year after gaining state approval to serve their customers. That means a fully baked proposal must be submitted and approved by the CPUC before Jan. 1, 2019 to launch a year later.

The cities are currently looking for a consultant to work on it, and the finished technical studies are expected in September. At that point, either city can decide to submit a proposal to the CPUC or drop the effort.

Read said the mandated one-year delay is, in part, a result of CCE’s growing share of the electricity market. Eight new CCE programs are expected to launch this year, while only nine had formed between 2002 and 2017. The wait allows more prep time for budding CCE agencies and the state to ensure the health of the overall grid, he said.

The rapid growth of CCE is also putting economic pressure on PG&E, SoCal Edison, and San Diego Gas & Electric—the state’s investor-owned utilities. The trio recently filed a petition with the CPUC that asks for permission to talk to local government officials and the media about CCE. Communicating with CCE agencies (or hopeful agencies) on the subject is considered lobbying under the state’s code of conduct and is prohibited.

Opponents of CCE argue against increasing government’s presence in the energy economy, and some critique CCEs’ investment choices. Mike Brown, spokesman for the SLO County Coalition of Labor, Agricultural, and Business (COLAB), who lobbied against CCE to the SLO County supervisors, called it “sort of an energy Ponzi scheme.” Brown noted that Monterey Bay Community Power, a new CCE serving Monterey, Santa Cruz, and San Benito counties, buys a majority of its power from out-of-state hydroelectric power plants—when hydro isn’t classified as a “renewable” source in California.

Speaking generally, Read said energy investment choices are all within a CCE agency’s authority and discretion.

“If you don’t do it mindfully, I think the criticism is right,” Read said. “Our board can make a policy decision about what kind of energy it’s comfortable with.” Δ

Staff Writer Peter Johnson can be reached at pjohnson@newtimesslo.com

SLO and Morro Bay push forward on Community Choice Energy, despite others’ reluctance, by Peter Johnson, New Times San Luis Obispo, May 17, 2018.

California school district goes solar with ENGIE

In a recent community celebration, Soledad Unified School District (Soledad USD) commemorated the official start of its district-wide solar program with a ceremonial “flip the switch” event for students, staff, neighboring school districts, community partners and elected officials. Through a partnership with a Salinas-based team from ENGIE Services U.S. (ENGIE), Soledad USD’s new 1.7-MW solar project symbolizes the district’s commitment to the theme of the event itself, “Earth Day, Every Day.” As a result of the development and installation of a solar program across all six district sites, Soledad USD’s long-term sustainability efforts will save over $10 million in energy costs.

Soledad USD serves nearly 5,000 K-12 students in one of the most productive agricultural regions in California. Starting in early 2016, Soledad USD partnered with ENGIE to create a plan to reduce District energy costs and positively impact the environment.

Leveraging two, zero-percent loans from the California Energy Commission (CEC), District leaders worked with ENGIE to ultimately secure $4.8 million in CEC state funding to start solar work at Soledad High School in late 2016, with work at additional school sites occurring through spring 2018. Remaining program costs will be covered by savings resulting from the generation of clean solar power.

Soledad USD board president Josie Perez-Aguilera emphasized the power of strong partnership over multiple phases of work at the District. “Starting in 2016, our strong, ongoing partnership with ENGIE has helped us to bring best in class sustainability technology innovations that advance the District’s education, community engagement, and financial goals – while also directly touching the long-term success of students across grade levels,” Perez-Aguilera said.

In addition to the visual transformation at district school sites with solar canopy shade structures, a long-term, positive impact is happening in the learning environment as well.

“The reason our theme for this event is ‘Earth Day, Every Day’ is because we have truly integrated our belief in the power of renewable energy into all school sites. Not only do we celebrate sustainable actions, we can really live them on a daily basis now that we are producing clean energy that will power our District and offset greenhouse gases – in addition to saving us $10 million in energy costs over the life of this project,” superintendent Tim Vanoli said.

The district has already achieved significant, early wins from the solar project, including creating approximately 30 local jobs associated with the construction of the project and starting the development of energy education opportunities across schools.

Soledad USD is looking forward to the following, expected outcomes over the life of the solar program:

-$10 million in energy savings over 25 years
-1.78 million kWh generated annually – or, enough clean energy to power 143 homes for a year
-~68% of the District’s electricity needs will be met through solar production
1,326 metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions reduced annually – the positive environmental equivalent to planting 34,000 trees a year
-Ongoing STEM engagement activities, including hands-on experiences, career day presentations from energy engineers, and an online dashboard that connects real-world data to classroom learning

News item from ENGIE

 

California school district goes solar with ENGIE, by Kathie Zipp, Solar Power World, May 11, 2018.

Midtown Ventura council meeting to focus on city’s environmental initiatives, energy plan

Hear about a number of city environmental initiatives and police-community partnerships during a meeting Thursday in midtown Ventura.

April Price, of the nonprofit Community Environmental Council, will discuss the city’s Energy Action Plan. Approved last year by the City Council, the plan could inventory greenhouse gases, implement strategies for reducing emissions and potentially guide efforts to make the city more resilient against rising sea levels, drought and other effects of climate change.

Price will also discuss the Clean Power Alliance of Southern California, a regional energy effort that includes more than 30 cities and Ventura and Los Angeles counties. The community choice aggregation program was formed on the premise of allowing cities and counties to work together to buy and offer wholesale power derived from cleaner, greener sources. It also allows for a way to invest in new energy sources. Ventura joined the effort this year.

Price will also talk about a new online and mobile application Ventura has rolled out to help with recycling and waste diversion. The new tools will allow residents to find out what can be recycled and where. She will also have reusable cloth produce bags on hand.

Read the full store here.

Midtown Ventura council meeting to focus on city’s environmental initiatives, energy plan, by Arlene Martinez, The VC Star, May 9, 2018.

Monterey Bay Community Power begins residential service in July

The vision of Monterey Bay communities buying their electricity from a local, publically-owned utility that sells only carbon-free energy from renewable sources will become a reality this July. Monterey Bay Community Power (MBCP) will begin selling 100 percent “green” energy to residential customers on July 1st, and the bill from this new utility company will be incorporated into the regular bill from PG&E.

The MBCP is new, regional public utility under the control and oversight of local governments- created as joint powers authority between three county governments and 16 cities around Monterey Bay, including Hollister and San Benito County.  It operates in partnership, but also as something of a competitor, with PG&E, using PG&E’s transmission lines, customer service capabilities and billing services.

The MBCP essentially replaces PG&E as the wholesale buyer of electricity in the tri-county central coast, buying 100 percent of its power from renewable, carbon-free electric power generators. MPCP then sells this power at the same regulated, retail rates as PG&E, using PG&E’s transmission lines and billing services, according to Marc Adato, Community Outreach & Events Coordinator for MBCP.

“We are able to operate much leaner than PG&E and retain net revenues and invest back into the local communities with some good projects and programs,” Adato said. This local, on-going investment in renewable energy- expected to incentivize the local “green energy sector” and create many new jobs- is made possible by the revenues that are not paid as dividends to the stock holders of the privately owned PG&E.

Current PG&E customers will be automatically enrolled in MBCP. Customers who want to go back to PG&E as their electric power source provider will have the opportunity to “opt-out” of the MBCP. Current PG&E programs such as CARE and FERA for low-income households will continue under the MBCP.

Those customers with their own solar equipment who periodically sell power back or get credit from PG&E can expect slightly higher prices from MBCP than the wholesale price paid by PG&E.  According to Adato, the MBCP will pay closer to a mid-point between the wholesale and retail price for this “returned” electricity, thus encouraging more solar power gained from roof-tops.

Rate-payers will have the choice to invest the locally generated profit of the MBCP into different investment packages or plans, or simply chose to be paid back a 3 percent rebate, based on their consumption.

With some local fanfare, including congratulatory recognition of Santa Cruz County Supervisor Bruce McPherson, one of the key local leaders getting the MBCP established, the MBCP celebrated its “first day of electric service” in Monterey on March 1st. That was the first day that some 37,500 commercial, agricultural, industrial and municipal customers began buying power from the MBCP, accounting for nearly two-thirds of the region’s total power demand.

The next big and final step in the startup of the MBCP, after nearly five years of planning, studying feasibility and technical studies, and negotiating with the 19 jurisdictions involved, is turning the switches to provide about 235,000 residential customers with carbon-free power beginning July 1st.

According to the PG&E website, renewable, carbon-free energy is currently 33 percent of PG&E’s electric power mix, with nuclear power the next biggest source at 24 percent, natural gas at 17 percent, 12 percent originating from large hydro projects, and 14 percent “unspecified”, with untraceable origin. Buying power from the MBCP changes this mix to 100 per cent “green”, carbon-free sourced energy from wind, solar and hydro-electric generators.

The legal and political background to these new, publically owned utilities is rooted in the California energy crises of 2000-2001. That crisis of sky rocketing cost and short supply of energy was instigated by the partial and poorly regulated deregulation of the California energy supply market, and manipulation of that market by unscrupulous traders such as Enron. With the energy crises as background, the state legislature passed the California’s Community Choice Energy law, AB 117, in 2002.

AB 117 authorized local governments to form “community choice aggregates” or CCA’s – allowing local governments to form their own utility companies and aggregating their buying power to enter into the newly deregulated supply market, without the need to invest in the infrastructure needed for transmission.

According to the California Community Choice Association, there are currently 13 CCAs serving customers in California, from Marin County to Silicon Valley to Los Angeles County, with more than eighty cities either actively engaged or currently considering community choice energy. It is estimated that over 50% of California residents will be served by a CCA by 2020.

“CCA Agencies bring the complexity of the electricity market down to the local level- for local control, for Green House Gas reduction (mandated by AB32) and economic vitality… (by) creating jobs related to building local energy resiliency and security- all while stabilizing and lowering rates for customers,” Adato explained in an email to the Press Banner.

 

Monterey Bay Community Power begins residential service in July, by Patrick Dwire, The Press Banner, May 2, 2018.

Montecito Community Microgrid Initiative will provide energy resilience to the region

The World Business Academy and the Clean Coalition are pleased to announce the launch of the Montecito Community Microgrid Initiative, which will bring renewables-driven energy resilience to critical facilities in Montecito, beginning with the Fire Protection District and the Water District in the Upper Village of Montecito.

Community Microgrid is a new approach for designing and operating the electric grid, based on local renewables and other distributed energy resources like energy storage and demand response. Although linked to the main electric grid, during a power outage a Community Microgrid can isolate from the broader grid and provide indefinite renewables-driven backup power to critical facilities. This scalable and replicable approach saves money, provides local economic stimulation, and provisions secure and stable clean local energy, even during disasters of any duration. Community Microgrids deliver an unparalleled trifecta of economic, environmental, and resilience benefits across communities.

The Montecito Community Microgrid Initiative aims to build multiple Community Microgrids in the area, including along San Ysidro Road in the Upper Village and along Coast Village Road in the Lower Village. These Community Microgrids will ensure the continuous operation of critical and priority facilities in the event of future disasters — as well as providing ongoing energy resilience to a region served by just one high-voltage transmission line. Clean local energy production from the Community Microgrids will also advance the Santa Barbara community’s climate goals.

The Montecito Community Microgrid Initiative is an extension of the World Business Academy’s Santa Barbara Renewable, Reliable, Resilient (SBR3) Initiative and is also an extension of the Clean Coalition’s Community Microgrid Initiative. Together, the two organizations are primed to combine deep community relationships with leading technical, policy, and project development expertise.

“Teaming with the Clean Coalition, with whom we’ve enjoyed a multi-year relationship, to focus on execution of the Montecito Community Microgrid Initiative, will free the Academy to continue working on microgrid installations throughout the Santa Barbara County area,” according to Rinaldo Brutoco, President of the World Business Academy. “The Clean Coalition has done a great job leading Community Microgrid efforts throughout the state and around the country and is uniquely suited to team with the Academy in Montecito. It is a great partnership that will benefit Montecito initially and other areas in Santa Barbara County in the future.”

“The Clean Coalition is honored to apply its expertise to help the Montecito community build back right with a modern energy system,” said Craig Lewis, Executive Director of the Clean Coalition. “As the Academy has been warning for many years, the area’s current electricity grid is extremely vulnerable to disruptions. Montecito Community Microgrids will bring energy security, resilience, and peace of mind to Montecito — along with tremendous environmental and economic benefits.”

Philanthropist and long-standing Academy supporter Sara Miller McCune has been convening meetings for Montecito residents and leaders to learn about the Montecito Community Microgrid Initiative and get involved. The Kind World Foundation, a leading supporter of the Santa Barbara first responder community, has made a $150,000 pledge to the Clean Coalition to match the next $150,000 in donations to the Clean Coalition for direct support of the Montecito Community Microgrid Initiative.

The Recovery Project, an action group started after the Thomas Fire and the debris flow, is a key collaborator. Berna Kieler, founder of the Recovery Project, said, “The Recovery Project was created to step in after the first responders, addressing necessary ongoing community needs to support the rebuilding of our village.We see the Montecito Community Microgrid Initiative as an essential element in creating a new Montecito, which is responsive to environmental reform and disaster preparedness.”

The Initiative will also provide a learning opportunity for local students and educators, who will have opportunities to be involved from the beginning in helping to create a living example of the energy system of the future.

The Clean Coalition is seeking a local Program Manager to work closely with Craig Lewis, the Clean Coalition’s Executive Director, who is now based in Santa Barbara, to lead the technical and project management elements of the Montecito Community Microgrid Initiative; interested parties should respond to the job description on the Clean Coalition website.

 

Montecito Community Microgrid Initiative will provide energy resilience to the region, by Clean Coalition, PV Magazine, April 30, 2018.

Monterey Bay Community Energy Customer Rebates and Community Investment

In 2018, MBCP plans to provide $4 Million in customer rebates and invest $3 million in local GHG reducing programs while building reserves for financial stability. MBchoice, the primary service for automatic enrollment, provides a 3% rebate on generation charges, annually in December. MBgreen+ directs the 3% rebate to invest in the build-out of new, local renewables. MBshare directs the 3% rebate to fund local low-income and/or nonprofit GHG reduction programs. MBprime provides 100% renewable electricity for one extra penny/kWh. Customers may keep their rebate or direct it to MBgreen+ or MBshare.

 

“Customer Rebates and Community Investment,” from CalCCA April 2018 Update E-Newsletter, April 17, 2018.